Aviation is one of the worlds most fast growing industries. International trade, international travel and even the military power of a country depends on Aerospace companies. Most of the operations involve billions of dollars of cash flow in aviation industry. So, the aerospace manufacturing is one of the most competitive industries today.
History of Aerospace manufacturing
For centuries people had the dream of flying. After thousands of failures over centuries in 1903 the invention of wright brothers proved flying is not a dream anymore. In 1904 the Wright brothers’ invention was patented and it was the beginning of a new era.
Developing a single aircraft design cost millions of dollars. So, it is never an easy task for any company. In the earlier stages of aerospace manufacturing fund raising was one of the major challenges for the companies.
War times and military effort
However, during the world wars the industry got major boost with almost unlimited funding. All companies started developing military aircrafts. During the development process many new technologies were invented further advancing the industry.
After the world war two many bombers and military transport aircrafts modified into airliners.
In 1909 the Wright military flyer was sold to U.S Army signal crops. This is the worlds first aeroplane sale.
Involvement of military in aerospace advancement
Even today, the worlds best flying technologies are only available with the world leaders. With huge budgets they are able to develop magnificent aircrafts.
For an example US spy planes like Lockheed U-2 has the capability of reaching very high altitudes (70,000 ft). Also, it is capable of 2 – 4 Mech speeds. No other aircrafts are able of reaching that speed or altitude.
During the development of this kind of special planes the companies get the opportunity to discover many new theories which can revolutionise the industry.
The timeline of aerospace manufacturing industry
1903 – Wright brothers invent their successful flight design
1909 – Wright military flayer was sold to U.S army.
1909 – World’s first airline revenue service Delag, German was found
1914 – World’s first winged airline service began
1919 The first plane crossing the Atlantic ocean (The NC4)
1930s The first transatlantic flights
1940s Transatlantic commercial passenger flights.
1950s The first commercial jet airliner in service
1960s the worlds only two supersonic airliner jet models Tu-144 and concord was invented, Man landed on Moon. Boeing released their wide wing revolutionary 747 aircraft.
Civilian aircraft industry
The demand for civilian airliners are growing each year. Boeing and the Airbus companies are the main competitors in civilian aircraft industry. Few decades earlier there were some other major competitors like MacDonald Douglas and Lockheed.
MacDonald face major failure after their DC-10 plane failed and faced many accidents. Later the Boeing company brought the MacDonald company. Today the Lockheed seems to be focusing more on military aircraft designing than civilian aircrafts.
Boeing – Aerospace companies
Boeing is an American company who develop both military and commercial airplanes. The commercial aircraft series is known as 7X7. The first 7X7 was 707 which was first entered the service in 1957.
7X7 series is a huge succeed for Boeing. Today thousands of 737,747, 767, 777, 787 planes are flying in the sky representing the pride of Boeing.
For many decades the Boeing company has been one of the major military aircraft builders. Their specializations are mainly on bombers and transport aircrafts.
The b-29 super fortress was the main heavy bomber of U.S air force in the WWII. Even today the Boeing fighter jets such as the F 18E super hornet scares the enemy pilots with its advance capabilities.
Airbus -Aerospace companies
Airbus is a multinational aerospace company in the European union. Likewise Boeing Airbus also develop both commercial and military aircrafts.
Airbus civilian aircraft production started with the A300 series. A300 first entered the service in 1972. It was the world’s first twin-aisle, twin-engine aircraft.
Todays Airbus commercial airliner fleet consist of
- A320 CEO and NEO
- A330 CEO and NEO