Animal Farming concerned with the production of animals. The purpose of animal farming is to produce meat, milk, fiber, and many more. It consists of selective breeding, care and also increasing the livestock.
The animals in the farms are called farm animals. These are mostly Cows, buffalos, goats, and sheep, etc. These are very important and also beneficial because they give milk, cheese, leather, and many other dairy products. Due to Animal farming, animals becoming more developed as social necessities rather than luxuries.
Animal farming is often described as the industrial growth of farm animals, feeding, and slaughter for human consumption. The development in animal Farming from a business perspective. It is a brilliant way to maximize profits by increasing the supply. Billions of Farm animals per year born into the animal farms system and raised. All of this so people can get benefits also the source to support economy rate.
Poultry farming is also a kind of animal farming. It is a source to rapidly increase the availability of food. So, it helps to reduce the hunger rate of poverty. In this kind of animal farming, people can fulfill the need for meat and eggs. Chickens produce at rates well beyond what nature ever intended for them. In other words, chickens have grown three times the normal rate. In animal farming, Broilers have difficulty in walking and holding up their own body weight. Studies show that their quickly growing bodies stress their skeletons, cause health issues, and leave them ill-shapen.
Cow and Buffalo Farming
The dairy and beef industries mostly need animal farms to consist of cows and buffalos. This kind of animal farming helps the urban people to get milk, cheese, butter, etc. Selective breeding and genetic engineering have the greatest importance in the present world. These techniques enable us to produce different qualities of animals. Hence, we can get excessive milk and also meat. It thinks that the development of these techniques in animal farming can reduce the poverty rate.
Besides chicken and cow farming there are also many other kinds of animal farming like fish farming. Nowadays, people try to make fish farms to produce different varieties of fishes.
Some Benefits of Animal Farming For Mankind
Although meat, milk, eggs, and other animal products benefit us. There are also great varieties of fish and other kinds of seafood. It will play an important role in achieving excessive and great qualities of food.
1. Bioavailability of Nutrients
First, animal Farming is an important source of high-quality, balanced, and highly bioavailable protein and numerous critical micronutrients, including minerals like Calcium, Potassium, and Iron, etc. Vitamins B-12 and A, for example, are lacking in a significant proportion of the global population. Thus, particularly in developing countries, moderate intake of animal-sourced foods is essential to achieving a nutritionally healthy diet.
2. Global Demand
Second, since animal products are widely accepted as elevated commodities, global demand for them is almost likely to continue to rise. Not only is population change a cause of rising consumption of animal commodities. It also increased affluence, especially in the developing world, where most of the increase in population will occur.
3. Agricultural System
Third, animal Farming critical to a sustainable agricultural system. It also benefits smallholders who comprise most of the world’s farmers. These resources include manure for fertilizer, on-farm power, and other by-products. In addition, animal farming provides economic diversification and risk distribution. Farm animals have not only a high-quality supply of food that increases nutritional status but also extra services. Moreover, accrued efficiencies within the past many decades through genetic choice. Improved management technologies have saved a large number of resources, including water and land. Hence have substantially reduced the carbon footprint of animal production.
4. Higher Nutritional value
Fourth, ruminants used in animal agriculture, such as buffalo, calves, goats, and sheep, successfully turn grassland grasses into higher nutritional goods. Grazing can also promote the health and variety of grasslands if managed fittingly. This is important because grassland pastures cover >25% of the Earth’s land surface. Given the fact that it is home to approximately a billion inhabitants, the majority of the land is marginal or non-arable.
Environmental benefits of Animal Farming
Environmentally friendly farm animal processing, on the other hand, would necessitate a better understanding of their environmental effects. It provides an opportunity to increase greenhouse gas production. We can produce greater varieties of animals. Hence increase the Biodiversity. In other words, animal farming is a source to protect animals. It provides a basic environment, food, and also shelter for their survival. Animal farming also provides natural fertilizer to the soil. As the wastes of the farm animals may use to provide nutrients to the soil. We really do need to learn more about the importance of animal – based foods in our diet. It can reduce diseases such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Because these non-communicable diseases are now responsible for more deaths worldwide than all other causes.
For example, a report by the FAO of the UN estimated that livestock, and especially ruminants, contribute as much as 18% of greenhouse gas emissions. While others have suggested that the gross overestimate. It believes the actual value may be as low as 3%.
A conservative projection shows the world’s population growing by 32% (to 9.5 billion) by 2050 and 53% (to 11 billion) by 2100 compared with its current level of 7.2 billion. Because most cultivatable land worldwide is already in use, and water and energy are limiting, accrued production of food would require a considerable increase in potency. Some of the countries depends totally upon the animal farming. They export the products of their farms and have good economy rate.
The importance of animal farming to achieving better food because of their investments in ecological productivity. Especially focus on the developing countries to support their economy and also to afford daily expenses. The high nutritional value of animal products in the diet can possible by the development of animal farming.